Bloodborne pathogens are infectious microorganisms in human blood that can cause disease in humans. These pathogens include, but are not limited to, hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Needlesticks and other sharps-related injuries may expose workers to bloodborne pathogens.
The purpose of this exposure control plan is to eliminate or minimize employee occupational exposure to blood or other infectious body fluids. Other potentially infectious body fluids include semen, vaginal secretions, cerebrospinal fluid, synovial fluid, pleural fluid, peritoneal fluid, amniotic fluid, saliva in dental procedures, and any body fluid visibly contaminated with blood.
First responders and/or the safety team shall be responsible for ensuring their employees comply with the provisions of this plan. The jobsite first responder is responsible for providing all necessary supplies such as soap and bleach, etc. The first responder shall be responsible for training department personnel in proper disposal of biohazardous waste contained in biohazardous waste bags.
Engineering and Work Practice Controls:
Universal/Standard Precautions will be observed by the jobsite first responder and/or safety team to ensure employees are prevented contact with blood or other potentially infectious materials. All blood or other potentially infectious materials will be considered infectious regardless of the perceived status of the source individual.
Engineering and work practice controls will be utilized to eliminate or minimize exposure to all employees.
Employees must wash their hands or other skin with soap and water, or flush mucous membranes with water, as soon as possible following an exposure incident (such as a splash of blood to the eyes or an accidental needle stick).
Employees must wash their hands immediately (or as soon as feasible) after removal of gloves or other personal protective equipment. Employees will at orientation receive location and shall familiarize themselves with the nearest hand washing facilities for the buildings in which they work. In public restrooms and custodial / janitorial closets. (If hand washing facilities are not available, the first responder and/or safety team will provide either an antiseptic cleanser in conjunction with clean cloth/paper towels or antiseptic towelettes. If these alternatives are used, then the hands are to be washed with soap and water as soon as feasible.)
No eating, drinking, smoking, applying cosmetics or lip balm, or handling contact lenses is allowed in a work area where there is a reasonable likelihood of occupational exposure.
No food or drinks shall be kept in refrigerators, freezers, shelves, cabinets, or on counter tops or bench tops where blood or other potentially infectious materials are present.